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Demedicalise means make our society far less dominated by modern medicine.
Ivan Illich was one of the first researchers to question modern scientific medicine and modern drugs. Illich suggested that modern medicine had become a threat to health by undermining the inherent capability of people and societies to cope with inevitable pain, sickness and death.
The bad things of life are thrust onto doctors so that families and society do not have to face them.
This is further complicated by greedy and unethical 'Big Pharma' which wants to sell drugs to everyone (e.g. see here).
People need to be heath conscious, rather than disease conscious.
Health systems need to prioritise carers - rather than relying on and glorifying technology, drugs, and highly trained specialists. Do this rather than blindly spending more money and forcing doctors to work longer hours.
Nations need to prioritise health and happiness over profit and productivity.
The medicalisation of Birth has led to interventionist, hospital birth. Hospitals are organised around the needs of doctors and insurance companies - see here.
"$13 to $20 billion a year could be saved in health care costs by de-medicalizing childbirth, developing midwifery and encouraging breastfeeding." (Frank Oski, USA paediatrician 1932-1996)Birth is very rarely a medical event. So, give birth back to women! Let it be mother-led and supported by a sisterhood - see here. Also see here, here.
The medicalisation of Children has, for example, meant the use of the drug Ritalin for hyperactivity. Perhaps for most of these children, a diet low on added sugars and a more physical lifestyle, is best?
The medicalisation of Adults has led to a medical drug culture that is driven by Big Pharma, Reductionist Science and greedy Capitalism. This applies to physical and mental health. Use of drugs is socially acceptable, but is it any better than illegal drugs? Drug use of any kind has side-effects, and tends to make people passive participants in life - for life! Instead of managing disease with drugs, why not enhance life with healthy lifestyle (see below)? Demedicalisation = Empowerment!
The medicalisation of Mind is complex. Although it is positive that we are beginning to talk openly about mental health, I believe many affected people are simply reacting to an unsupportive and dysfunctional society. Psychology is important but we are in danger of over-psychologising everything, when political action/therapy is needed. In other words, there may be nothing wrong with you! It is society that especially needs to change.
Unlike Andrew Flintoff suggests, medication is rarely the answer - it should not become normal. This is the myth of the chemical cure. Rather, get to the root of the issue. Mental health especially needs action at a societal level, things like GNH.
My short-term suggestion is flower essences (see below), talking about it, changing your circumstances, exercise, diet, etc. My long-term suggestion is socio-cultural change (see here and here and here).
The medicalisation of Sex makes sexual issues into diseases, when most are NOT. For example, watch the documentary Orgasm Inc.
The medicalisation of Gender means, for example, that intersex children are 'normalised' with crazy, non-consensual, irreversible surgeries. Intersex children are already normal! They constitute about 2% of our population, the same as those with red hair. See here and here.
The medicalisation of Sport means, for example, that half the soccer players at the past three world cups routinely took legal painkillers, risking their health and even their life (BBC, posted and accessed 23 March 2017). Every competitive sport is affected, and at every level. The use of legal and illegal drugs is widespread, a crisis (BBC, posted 20 March 2017, accessed 23 March 2017).
The medicalisation of Sleep has reduced it to merely a complex biomedical process. Sleep has become secondary to our waking life, something almost bothersome that we have to do to be alive. We have become an awake-centred society. So, to get the most out of our waking self, in our ignorance or arrogance, we disrupt nature's rhythms with stimulants (to keep us going almost 24/7) and sedatives (to artificially meet body's needs). But sleeping pills do not heal insomnia. What if sleep and our deep self was as important as - or more important than - our waking self? What if all these drugs were blocking our default consciousness, a state of deep peace? What if sleep taught us how to die? Can you fall in love with sleep? Read more here and here.
The medicalisation of Death occurs when society merely treats death as a medical-physical event. It ignores 'Total Pain' (see here or here), which includes the emotional/mental, social and spiritual aspects of dying and death. As a result, death now tends to happen at hospitals. It used to happen in the familiarity of home, where most people would rather it happen, in the company of loved ones. People have been deskilled at handling the death process. (See Video #6 at BBC, dated 2016, & BBC, posted and accessed 1 December 2016) Also see here.
The medicalisation of the World means we focus on vaccinations and drugs, when we really need to deliver clean water, sanitation, nutrition, equality, Love. The world seems so quick to hail medicine as the miracle when it is merely a stopgap (e.g. see here and here). The true miracles are Water and Love.
The medicalisation of Nature happens as drugs leak into ecosystems (e.g. see here), as antibiotics are used routinely in factory farming (e.g. see here). We are poisoning ourselves in ignorance, for convenience and greed.
More on Healthy Lifestyle & Demedicalise!
Most illnesses presented to doctors have shifted from being acute to chronic problems (Budd and Sharma, 1994 cited in Lee-Treweek and Stone, 2005; Sharma, 1992 and Cant and Calnan, 1991 cited in Cant, 2005), which modern medicine is poor at handling (Kelner, 2005). Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is more appropriate to these chronic conditions, whereas modern medicine is suited to acute conditions (Kelner, 2005).
So, there is a need for Integrative or Integrated Medicine, where the bulk of a health system is CAM-based, and where individuals practise far more self-healing practices:-
Malhotra also states that over-diagnosis and over-treatment is "the greatest threat to our healthcare system." In the UK, he says that at least £2 billion is wasted annually on unnecessary tests and treatment. (Wikipedia, accessed 25/9/2016)
Maybe after reading this, you may understand why some become 'An Enemy of the State' (posted 2016, accessed 25 September 2016). Due to the money involved, the author Robert Redfern distrusts: Government information; Medical and Pharmaceutical research (e.g. see here); and the spokespeople of the Food Industry.
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